See This Report on American Scientist
Copyright Disclaimer under section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for “fair use” for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, education and research.
Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing.
Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.
#Science #Technology #Invention
Whewell composed of “an increasing proclivity of separation and dismemberment” in the sciences; while highly particular terms proliferatedchemist, mathematician, naturalistthe broad term “philosopher” was no longer acceptable to group together those who pursued science, without the cautions of “natural” or “speculative” philosopher. Whewell compared these increasing divisions with Somerville’s goal of” [rendering] an essential service to science” “by showing how separated branches have, in the history of science, joined by the discovery of basic concepts.” Whewell reported in his evaluation that members of the British Association for the Development of Science had actually been complaining at recent meetings about the lack of a great term for “trainees of the understanding of the material world collectively.” Pointing to himself, he kept in mind that “some ingenious gentleman proposed that, by analogy with artist, they might form [the word] scientist, and added that there could be no scruple in making complimentary with this term given that we already have such words as, and but this was not typically tasty”.
Thus we may make such words when they are wanted. As we can not use physician for a cultivator of physics, I have called him a Physicist. We require quite a name to explain a farmer of science in general. I need to incline to call him a Scientist. Thus we may state, that as an Artist is a Musician, Painter, or Poet, a Scientist is a Mathematician, Physicist, or Biologist.
Neither term got wide approval until years later on; scientist became a typical term in the late 19th century in the United States and around the turn of the 20th century in Great Britain. By the twentieth century, the modern idea of science as an unique brand of information about the world, practiced by an unique group and pursued through a distinct method, was basically in location.
Her efforts caused the development of atomic energy and Radiotherapy for the treatment of cancer. In 1922, she was selected a member of the International Commission on Intellectual Co-operation by the Council of the League of Nations. She campaigned for researcher’s right to patent their discoveries and developments. She likewise campaigned for free access to international scientific literature and for worldwide acknowledged scientific symbols.